Union membership in the US plummeted to all-time lows in 2022 regardless of various high-profile unionization efforts at firms like Starbucks, Amazon, and Apple, in response to a brand new report.
Final yr, the union membership fee was 10.1%, down from 10.3% in 2021, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported Thursday.
Although the general variety of wage and wage staff belonging to a union elevated by roughly 1.9% between 2021 and 2022, it was not sufficient to maintain tempo with the cumulative enhance of largely nonunion staff, which was slightly below 4%.
This disproportionately giant enhance within the complete wage and wage employment, in contrast with the rise within the variety of union members, led to a lower within the union membership fee.
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The 2022 unionization fee, 10.1%, marks the bottom on report. In 1983, the primary yr when comparable union knowledge can be found, union membership fee was simply above 20%, with practically 18 million union staff, in response to the report.
Public-sector staff, like police and lecturers, accounted for the best unionization charges in 2022, at 33%. Simply 6% of private-sector staff have been unionized.
The obvious dip in union membership got here even amid a wave of unionization efforts at main Fortune 500 firms. Within the first six months of the 2022 fiscal yr, the variety of union illustration petitions filed elevated 57%, in response to knowledge from the Nationwide Labor Relations Board.
The AFL-CIO mentioned the most recent knowledge doesn’t seize “the surge in employee organizing throughout each sector, from educating assistants to barista to museum staff, building staff, online game builders and lots of extra.”
“With the resurgence of union organizing and unprecedented federal funding in job creation, the labor motion is poised to develop considerably within the coming years,” AFL-CIO mentioned.
In the meantime, assist for unions has been rising. In a survey printed in August, Gallup discovered that 71% of Individuals mentioned they approve of labor unions, the best share recorded since 1965.
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Employees at greater than 270 U.S. Starbucks shops have voted to unionize over the past yr, an effort that Starbucks opposes. Employees at REI and Chipotle adopted with their very own unionization campaigns. And staff at an Amazon warehouse in New York Metropolis voted to unionize final spring, though Amazon staff at a unique warehouse in upstate New York later rejected unionization.
The Related Press contributed to this report.